Oral pathology

Oral pathology and teeth of the Judgment
The wisdom teeth, or third molars, are the last teeth to develop and appear in the mouth. They are called “wisdom teeth” because they usually erupt towards the age of twenty, in the so-called “age of reason”. The normal position of wisdom teeth is later than the second molars. Often the jaws of the current man are not large enough to accommodate the 4 wisdom teeth. This is the reason why wisdom teeth are the dental elements that more frequently than other elements are a source of problems. In fact, in over 90% of people the III molars remain, due to lack of space, in the dental arches in inclusion, partial or total

Included wisdom teeth
When a wisdom tooth is blocked in its eruption in the dental arch, it is referred to as “included”. A tooth can be partially included, when a part of it can emerge from the buccal mucosa but can not reach a correct position in the dental arch, or it can be totally included when it remains submerged by the surrounding bone and the mucosa. The partially included tooth can be a source of serious problems like pain, infections or it can move the other dental elements. For the totally enclosed elements, even greater problems may arise if the membrane that surrounds the tooth fills with liquid forming a cyst inside the maxillary bone. The widening of this cavity can be a source of permanent damage to the bone, teeth or snow structures involved. If the cyst is not treated it is possible that its walls may develop a tumor whose resection will necessarily be larger than the size of the cyst. Damage caused by wisdom teeth can be very symptomatic or even asymptomatic, so it is possible for a patient to have damage without his knowledge. It is important to know that during the growth of third molars their roots lengthen and the bone that surrounds them becomes harder, less elastic. As more a person ages, the extraction becomes more difficult and therefore the complications can be greater. In addition, adults are easier to deal with symptomatic elements. For all these reasons it is advisable that wisdom teeth be extracted even if they are asymptomatic

How are the wisdom teeth treated
Treatment of the III molars involves the use of appropriate surgical techniques for the individual case. If the wisdom teeth are properly erupted and sufficient to undergo periodic checks to make sure that no carious processes are created. Even small abnormalities of position must be carefully evaluated and eventually must be decided for the extraction. The extraction of the judgment can be performed in an outpatient setting, even if sometimes it is necessary to resort to the hospitalization. If the tooth is included, it is necessary to make an incision in the mucosa in order to expose the tooth or the bone that covers it, in this second case it will remove a part of the bone in order to remove the tooth or to cut it more parts that are then extracted one at a time. Usually this procedure requires one hour of work, but the time of the operation varies according to its difficulty. In most cases you can resume your normal activities within a few days

Oral pathology

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